Most recent Tribology Group publications are Open Access thanks to funding from the EPSRC.

Search or filter publications

Filter by type:

Filter by publication type

Filter by year:

to

Results

  • Showing results for:
  • Reset all filters

Search results

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Manieri F, Stadler K, Morales-Espejel GE, Kadiric Aet al., 2019,

    The origins of white etching cracks and their significance to rolling bearing failures

    , International Journal of Fatigue, Vol: 120, Pages: 107-133, ISSN: 0142-1123

    © 2018 The Authors Presence of white etching cracks has been widely associated with early failures of rolling bearings in a number of applications, with wind turbine gearbox bearings being the most frequently cited and practically significant example. Despite the recent research efforts, there is yet no universal agreement on the mechanisms of formation of these cracks and little direct evidence of their significance to bearing reliability. In an attempt to address this, this paper proposes a new theory on the origins and significance of white etching cracks. The paper provides systematic experimental evidence in support of this theory through rolling contact fatigue tests performed with AISI 52100 bearing steel specimens on a triple-disc machine over a wide range of contact conditions. The test results show that white etching cracks can be formed with base oils as well as commercially formulated transmission and engine oils. WECs were generated under slide-roll-ratios ranging from 0.05 to 0.3, under positive and negative sliding, different contact pressures and specific film thicknesses ranging from 0.1 to 0.7. No white etching areas were ever observed without the associate crack being present, and it was also shown that white etching areas themselves can be produced in a pure rubbing contact of bearing steels under both lubricated and unlubricated conditions. These results provide direct evidence that the steel transformations that exhibit themselves as white etching areas are formed through rubbing of the existing crack faces, and that the chemical composition of the lubricant and the magnitude and direction of sliding are not the primary driver of WEC formation, in contrast to literature. Instead, the results presented here show that WECs are formed through the action of a specific stress history in time via the following mechanism: (i) Short-lived high contact stresses, which can be caused by a number of factors, act in the initial stages of the component

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Reddyhoff T, Schmidt A, Spikes H, 2019,

    Thermal Conductivity and Flash Temperature

    , TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, Vol: 67, ISSN: 1023-8883
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Puhan D, Nevshupa R, Wong JSS, Reddyhoff Tet al., 2019,

    Transient aspects of plasma luminescence induced by triboelectrification of polymers

    , TRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 130, Pages: 366-377, ISSN: 0301-679X
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Dzepina B, Balint D, Dini D, 2019,

    A phase field model of pressure-assisted sintering

    , JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, Vol: 39, Pages: 173-182, ISSN: 0955-2219
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Porte E, Cann P, Masen M, 2019,

    Fluid load support does not explain tribological performance of PVA hydrogels.

    , J Mech Behav Biomed Mater, Vol: 90, Pages: 284-294

    The application of hydrogels as articular cartilage (AC) repair or replacement materials is limited by poor tribological behaviour, as it does not match that of native AC. In cartilage, the pressurisation of the interstitial fluid is thought to be crucial for the low friction as the load is shared between the solid and liquid phase of the material. This fluid load support theory is also often applied to hydrogels. However, this theory has not been validated as no experimental evidence directly relates the pressurisation of the interstitial fluid to the frictional response of hydrogels. This lack of understanding about the governing tribological mechanisms in hydrogels limits their optimised design. Therefore, this paper aims to provide a direct measure for fluid load support in hydrogels under physiologically relevant sliding conditions. A photoelastic method was developed to simultaneously measure the load on the solid phase of the hydrogel and its friction coefficient and thus directly relate friction and fluid load support. The results showed a clear distinction in frictional behaviour between the different test conditions, but results from photoelastic images and stress-relaxation experiments indicated that fluid load support is an unlikely explanation for the frictional response of the hydrogels. A more appropriate explanation, we hypothesized, is a non-replenished lubricant mechanism. This work has important implications for the tribology of cartilage and hydrogels as it shows that the existing theories do not adequately describe the tribological behaviour of hydrogels. The developed insights can be used to optimise the tribological performance of hydrogels as articular cartilage implants.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Vlădescu S-C, Fowell M, Mattsson L, Reddyhoff Tet al., 2019,

    The effects of laser surface texture applied to internal combustion engine journal bearing shells – An experimental study

    , Tribology International, ISSN: 0301-679X
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Wen J, Dini D, Reddyhoff T, 2019,

    Design and optimization of a liquid ring thrust bearing

    , Tribology International, ISSN: 0301-679X
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Carpenter G, Bozorgi S, Vladescu S, Forte A, Myant C, Potineni R, Reddyhoff T, Baier Set al., 2019,

    A study of saliva lubrication using a compliant oral mimic

    , Food Hydrocolloids, ISSN: 0268-005X
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Jeffreys S, di Mare L, Liu X, Morgan N, Wong Jet al., 2019,

    Elastohydrodynamic lubricant flow with nanoparticle tracking

    , RSC Advances, Vol: 9, Pages: 1441-1450, ISSN: 2046-2069
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Ma S, Scaraggi M, Yan C, Wang X, Gorb SN, Dini D, Zhou Fet al., 2019,

    Bioinspired 3D Printed Locomotion Devices Based on Anisotropic Friction

    , SMALL, Vol: 15, ISSN: 1613-6810
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Jean-Fulcrand A, Maser MA, Bremner T, Wong JSSet al., 2019,

    Effect of temperature on tribological performance of polyetheretherketone-polybenzimidazole blend

    , TRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 129, Pages: 5-15, ISSN: 0301-679X
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Rosenkranz A, Costa HL, Profito F, Gachot C, Medina S, Dini Det al., 2019,

    Influence of surface texturing on hydrodynamic friction in plane converging bearings - An experimental and numerical approach

    , Tribology International, ISSN: 0301-679X
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Dench J, di Mare L, Morgan N, Wong JSSet al., 2018,

    Comparing the molecular and global rheology of a fluid under high pressures

    , PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, Vol: 20, Pages: 30267-30280, ISSN: 1463-9076
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Tan Z, Dini D, Rodriguez y Baena F, Forte AEet al., 2018,

    Composite hydrogel: A high fidelity soft tissue mimic for surgery

    , MATERIALS & DESIGN, Vol: 160, Pages: 886-894, ISSN: 0264-1275
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Dawczyk J, Ware E, Ardakani M, Russo J, Spikes Het al., 2018,

    Use of FIB to Study ZDDP Tribofilms

    , TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, Vol: 66, ISSN: 1023-8883
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Kontou A, Southby M, Morgan N, Spikes HAet al., 2018,

    Influence of Dispersant and ZDDP on Soot Wear

    , TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, Vol: 66, ISSN: 1023-8883
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Ewen JP, Heyes DM, Dini D, 2018,

    Advances in nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of lubricants and additives

    , FRICTION, Vol: 6, Pages: 349-386, ISSN: 2223-7690
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Vladescu S-C, Marx N, Fernandez L, Barcelo F, Spikes Het al., 2018,

    Hydrodynamic Friction of Viscosity-Modified Oils in a Journal Bearing Machine

    , TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, Vol: 66, ISSN: 1023-8883
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Ebrahimi MT, Dini D, Balint DS, Sutton AP, Ozbayraktar Set al., 2018,

    Discrete crack dynamics: A planar model of crack propagation and crack-inclusion interactions in brittle materials

    , INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOLIDS AND STRUCTURES, Vol: 152, Pages: 12-27, ISSN: 0020-7683
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Verschueren J, Gurrutxaga-Lerma B, Balint DS, Sutton AP, Dini Det al., 2018,

    Instabilities of High Speed Dislocations

    , PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, Vol: 121, ISSN: 0031-9007
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Hartinger M, Reddyhoff T, 2018,

    CFD modeling compared to temperature and friction measurements of an EHL line contact

    , TRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 126, Pages: 144-152, ISSN: 0301-679X
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Yu M, Arana C, Evangelou SA, Dini D, Cleaver GDet al., 2018,

    Parallel Active Link Suspension: A Quarter-Car Experimental Study

    , IEEE-ASME TRANSACTIONS ON MECHATRONICS, Vol: 23, Pages: 2066-2077, ISSN: 1083-4435
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Gattinoni C, Ewen JP, Dini D, 2018,

    Adsorption of Surfactants on alpha-Fe2O3(0001): A Density Functional Theory Study

    , JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, Vol: 122, Pages: 20817-20826, ISSN: 1932-7447
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Marx N, Fernandez L, Barcelo F, Spikes Het al., 2018,

    Shear Thinning and Hydrodynamic Friction of Viscosity Modifier-Containing Oils. Part I: Shear Thinning Behaviour

    , TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, Vol: 66, ISSN: 1023-8883
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Marx N, Fernández L, Barceló F, Spikes Het al., 2018,

    Shear Thinning and Hydrodynamic Friction of Viscosity Modifier-Containing Oils. Part II: Impact of Shear Thinning on Journal Bearing Friction

    , Tribology Letters, Vol: 66, ISSN: 1023-8883

    © 2018, The Author(s). In a companion paper, the temporary shear thinning behaviour of a series of viscosity-modifier (VM)-containing blends was studied over a wide shear rate and temperature range [Marx et al. in Tribol Lett, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-018-1039-5]. It was found that for almost all VMs the resulting data could be collapsed on a single viscosity versus reduced strain rate curve using time–temperature superposition. This made it possible to derive a single equation to describe the viscosity–shear rate behaviour for each VM blend. In the current paper, these shear thinning equations are used in a Reynolds-based hydrodynamic lubrication model to explore and compare the impact of different VMs on the film thickness and friction of a lubricated, isothermal journal bearing. It is found that VMs reduce friction and especially power loss markedly at high shaft speeds, while still contributing to increased hydrodynamic film thickness at low speeds. The model indicates that VMs can contribute to reducing friction in two separate ways. One is via shear thinning. This occurs especially at high bearing speeds when shear rates are large and can result in a 50% friction reduction compared to the equivalent isoviscous oil at low temperatures for the blends studied. The second is via their impact on viscosity index, which means that for a set viscosity at high temperature the low-shear-rate (and thus the high shear rate) viscosity of a high-VI oil, and consequently its hydrodynamic friction, will be lower at low temperatures than that of a low-VI oil. The identification and quantification of these two alternative ways to reduce friction should assist in the design of new, fuel-efficient VMs.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Reddyhoff T, Underwood RJ, Sayles RS, Spikes HAet al., 2018,

    Temperature measurement of debris particles in EHL contacts

    , SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY-METROLOGY AND PROPERTIES, Vol: 6, ISSN: 2051-672X
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Campen S, Smith B, Wong J, 2018,

    Deposition of Asphaltene from Destabilized Dispersions in Heptane-Toluene

    , ENERGY & FUELS, Vol: 32, Pages: 9159-9171, ISSN: 0887-0624
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Vakis AI, Yastrebov VA, Scheibert J, Nicola L, Dini D, Minfray C, Almqvist A, Paggi M, Lee S, Limbert G, Molinari JF, Anciaux G, Aghababaei R, Restrepo SE, Papangelo A, Cammarata A, Nicolini P, Putignano C, Carbone G, Stupkiewicz S, Lengiewicz J, Costagliola G, Bosia F, Guarino R, Pugno NM, Mueser MH, Ciavarella Met al., 2018,

    Modeling and simulation in tribology across scales: An overview

    , TRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 125, Pages: 169-199, ISSN: 0301-679X
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Shen L, Denner F, Morgan N, van Wachem B, Dini Det al., 2018,

    Capillary waves with surface viscosity

    , JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, Vol: 847, Pages: 644-663, ISSN: 0022-1120
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Kanca Y, Milner P, Dini D, Amis AAet al., 2018,

    Tribological evaluation of biomedical polycarbonate urethanes against articular cartilage

    , JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, Vol: 82, Pages: 394-402, ISSN: 1751-6161
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Vaghela U, Williams HRT, Gupte C, Cann Pet al., 2018,

    The development of a small-scale wear test for CoCrMo specimens with human synovial fluid

    , Biotribology, Vol: 14, Pages: 1-10

    © 2018 The Authors A new test was developed to measure friction and wear of hip implant materials under reciprocating sliding conditions. The method requires a very small amount of lubricant (<3 ml) which allows testing of human synovial fluid. Friction and wear of Cobalt Chromium Molybdenum (CoCrMo) material pairs were measured for a range of model and human synovial fluid samples. The initial development of the test assessed the effect of fluid volume and bovine calf serum (BCS) concentration on friction and wear. In a second series of tests human synovial fluid (HSF) was used. The wear scar size (depth and volume) on the disc was dependent on protein content and reduced significantly for increasing BCS concentration. The results showed that fluid volumes of <1.5 ml were affected by evaporative loss effectively increasing the protein concentration resulting in anomalously lower wear. At the end of the test thick deposits were observed in and around the wear scars on the disc and ball; these were analysed by Infrared Reflection-Absorption Spectroscopy. The deposits were composed primarily of denatured proteins and similar IR spectra were obtained from the BCS and HSF tests. The analysis confirmed the importance of SF proteins in determining wear of CoCrMo couples.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Heyes DM, Dini D, Smith ER, 2018,

    Incremental viscosity by non-equilibrium molecular dynamics and the Eyring model

    , JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, Vol: 148, ISSN: 0021-9606
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Ewen JP, Kannam SK, Todd BD, Dini Det al., 2018,

    Slip of Alkanes Confined between Surfactant Monolayers Adsorbed on Solid Surfaces

    , LANGMUIR, Vol: 34, Pages: 3864-3873, ISSN: 0743-7463
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    , 2018,

    Prediction of micropitting damage in gear teeth contacts considering the concurrent effects of surface fatigue and mild wear

    , Wear, Vol: 398-399, Pages: 99-115, ISSN: 0043-1648

    © 2017 The Authors The present paper studies the occurrence of micropitting damage in gear teeth contacts. An existing general micropitting model, which accounts for mixed lubrication conditions, stress history, and fatigue damage accumulation, is adapted here to deal with transient contact conditions that exist during meshing of gear teeth. The model considers the concurrent effects of surface fatigue and mild wear on the evolution of tooth surface roughness and therefore captures the complexities of damage accumulation on tooth flanks in a more realistic manner than hitherto possible. Applicability of the model to gear contact conditions is first confirmed by comparing its predictions to relevant experiments carried out on a triple-disc contact fatigue rig. Application of the model to a pair of meshing spur gears shows that under low specific oil film thickness conditions, the continuous competition between surface fatigue and mild wear determines the overall level as well as the distribution of micropitting damage along the tooth flanks. The outcome of this competition in terms of the final damage level is dependent on contact sliding speed, pressure and specific film thickness. In general, with no surface wear, micropitting damage increases with decreasing film thickness as may be expected, but when some wear is present micropitting damage may reduce as film thickness is lowered to the point where wear takes over and removes the asperity peaks and hence reduces asperity interactions. Similarly, when wear is negligible, increased sliding can increase the level of micropitting by increasing the number of asperity stress cycles, but when wear is present, an increase in sliding may lead to a reduction in micropitting due to faster removal of asperity peaks. The results suggest that an ideal situation in terms of surface damage prevention is that in which some mild wear at the start of gear pair operation adequately wears-in the tooth surfaces, thus reducing sub

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Hili J, Pelletier C, Jacobs L, Olver A, Reddyhoff Tet al., 2018,

    High-Speed Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication by a Dilute Oil-in-Water Emulsion

    , Tribology Transactions, Vol: 61, Pages: 287-294, ISSN: 1040-2004

    © 2018 Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers. When a concentrated contact is lubricated at low speed by an oil-in-water emulsion, a film of pure oil typically separates the surfaces (stage 1). At higher speeds, starvation occurs (stage 2) and the film is thinner than would be expected if lubricated by neat oil. However, at the very highest speeds, film thickness increases again (stage 3), though little is known for certain about either the film composition or the mechanism of lubrication, despite some theoretical speculation. In this article, we report the film thickness in a ball-on-flat contact, lubricated by an oil-in-water emulsion, at speeds of up to 20 m/s, measured using a new high-speed test rig. We also investigated the sliding traction and the phase composition of the film, using fluorescent and infrared microscopy techniques. Results show that, as the speed is increased, starvation is followed by a progressive change in film composition, from pure oil to mostly water. At the highest speeds, a film builds up that has a phase composition similar to the bulk emulsion. This tends to support the “microemulsion” view rather than the “dynamic concentration” theory.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Masen M, Cann PME, 2018,

    Friction measurements with molten chocolate

    , Tribology Letters, Vol: 66, ISSN: 1023-8883

    A novel test is reported which allows the measurement of the friction of molten chocolate in a model tongue–palate rubbing contact. Friction was measured over a rubbing period of 150 s for a range of commercial samples with different cocoa content (85–5% w/w). Most of the friction curves had a characteristic pattern: initially a rapid increase occurs as the high-viscosity chocolate melt is sheared in the contact region followed by friction drop as the film breaks down. The exceptions were the very high (85%) and very low (~ 5%) cocoa content samples which gave fairly constant friction traces over the test time. Differences were observed in the initial maximum and final friction coefficients depending on chocolate composition. Generally, the initial maximum friction increased with increasing cocoa content. At the end of the test, the rubbed films on the lower slide were examined by optical microscopy and infrared micro-reflection spectroscopy. In the rubbed track, the chocolate structure was severely degraded and predominately composed of lipid droplets, which was confirmed by the IR spectra. The new test provides a method to distinguish between the friction behaviour of different chocolate formulations in a rubbing low-pressure contact. It also allows us to identify changes in the degraded chocolate film that can be linked to the friction profile. Further development of the test method is required to improve simulation of the tongue–palate contact including the effect of saliva and this will be the next stage of the research.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Lu J, Reddyhoff T, Dini D, 2018,

    3D Measurements of Lubricant and Surface Temperatures Within an Elastohydrodynamic Contact

    , TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, Vol: 66, ISSN: 1023-8883
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Spikes H, 2018,

    Stress-augmented thermal activation: Tribology feels the force

    , FRICTION, Vol: 6, Pages: 1-31, ISSN: 2223-7690
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    , 2018,

    Do uniform tangential interfacial stresses enhance adhesion?

    , Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol: 112, Pages: 145-156, ISSN: 0022-5096

    © 2017 Elsevier Ltd We present theoretical arguments, based on linear elasticity and thermodynamics, to show that interfacial tangential stresses in sliding adhesive soft contacts may lead to a significant increase of the effective energy of adhesion. A sizable expansion of the contact area is predicted in conditions corresponding to such scenario. These results are easily explained and are valid under the assumptions that: (i) sliding at the interface does not lead to any loss of adhesive interaction and (ii) spatial fluctuations of frictional stresses can be considered negligible. Our results are seemingly supported by existing experiments, and show that frictional stresses may lead to an increase of the effective energy of adhesion depending on which conditions are established at the interface of contacting bodies in the presence of adhesive forces.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Guo Y, di Mare L, Li RKY, Wong JSSet al., 2018,

    Cargo Release from Polymeric Vesicles under Shear

    , POLYMERS, Vol: 10, ISSN: 2073-4360
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Kanca Y, Milner P, Dini D, Amis AAet al., 2018,

    Tribological properties of PVA/PVP blend hydrogels against articular cartilage

    , JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, Vol: 78, Pages: 36-45, ISSN: 1751-6161
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Forte AE, Galvan S, Dini D, 2018,

    Models and tissue mimics for brain shift simulations

    , BIOMECHANICS AND MODELING IN MECHANOBIOLOGY, Vol: 17, Pages: 249-261, ISSN: 1617-7959
  • CONFERENCE PAPER
    Ferretti A, Giacopini M, Mastrandrea L, Dini Det al., 2018,

    Investigation of the Influence of Different Asperity Contact Models on the Elastohydrodynamic Analysis of a Conrod Small-End/Piston Pin Coupling

    , WCX World Congress Experience

    © 2018 SAE International. All Rights Reserved. Bearings represent one of the main responsible of friction losses in internal combustion engines and their lubrication performance has a crucial influence on the operating condition of the engine. In particular, the conrod small-end bearing is one of the most critical engine parts from a tribological point of view since limited contact surfaces have to sustain high inertial and combustion forces. In this contribution an analysis is performed of the tribological behaviour of the lubricated contact between the piston pin and the conrod small-end of a high performance motorbike engine. An algorithm is employed based on a complementarity formulation of the cavitation problem. A comparison between two different approaches to simulate the asperity contact problem is performed, the former based on the standard Greenwood-Tripp theory and the latter based on a complementarity formulation of the asperity contact problem. A model validation is performed by comparing the results with those obtained adopting the commercial software AVL Excite Power Unit. Similar results are obtained from both the approaches, if a proper calibration of the model input data is performed. However, a remarkable sensitivity is highlighted of the results obtained using the Greenwood/Tripp model to the adjustment parameters. The realistic (engineering) difficulty in defining and identifying the roughness data and their purely statistical nature returns results that may be afflicted by a dose of uncertainty. Considering that results of such simulations usually offer guidelines for a correct design of the coupling, further investigations are suggested to identify a relationship between simply available roughness data and model input, starting from a direct experimental measurements of real roughness profiles.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Milner PE, Parkes M, Puetzer JL, Chapman R, Stevens MM, Cann P, Jeffers JRTet al., 2018,

    A low friction, biphasic and boundary lubricating hydrogel for cartilage replacement

    , ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, Vol: 65, Pages: 102-111, ISSN: 1742-7061
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Vladescu SC, Putignano C, Marx N, Keppens T, Reddyhoff T, Dini Det al., 2018,

    The percolation of liquid through a compliant seal-an experimental and theoretical study

    , Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME, Vol: 141, ISSN: 0098-2202

    Copyright © 2019 by ASME New apparatus is described to simulate a compliant seal interface, allowing the percolation of liquid to be viewed by a fluorescence microscope. A model, based on the boundary element (BE) methodology, is used to provide a theoretical explanation of the observed behavior. The impact of contact pressure, roughness, and surface energy on percolation rates are characterized. For hydrophilic surfaces, percolation will always occur provided a sufficient number of roughness length scales are considered. However, for hydrophobic surfaces, the inlet pressure must overcome the capillary pressure exerted at the minimum channel section before flow can occur.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Yang S, Wong JSS, Zhou F, 2018,

    Ionic Liquid Additives for Mixed and Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication

    , TRIBOLOGY TRANSACTIONS, Vol: 61, Pages: 816-826, ISSN: 1040-2004
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    , 2017,

    Quarter-Car Experimental Study for Series Active Variable Geometry Suspension

    , IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, ISSN: 1063-6536

    CCBY In this paper, the recently introduced series active variable geometry suspension (SAVGS) for road vehicles is experimentally studied. A realistic quarter-car test rig equipped with double-wishbone suspension is designed and built to mimic an actual grand tourer real axle, with a single-link variant of the SAVGS and a road excitation mechanism implemented. A linear equivalent modeling method is adopted to synthesize an H-infinity control scheme for the SAVGS, with the geometric nonlinearity compensated. Simulations with a theoretical nonlinear quarter-car indicate the SAVGS potential to enhance suspension performance, in terms of ride comfort and road holding. Practical features in the test rig are further considered and included in the nonlinear model to compensate the difference between the theoretical and testing behaviors. Experiments with a sinusoidal road, a smoothed bump and hole, and a random road are performed to evaluate the SAVGS practical feasibility and performance improvement, the accuracy of the model, and the robustness of the control schemes. Compared with the conventional passive suspension, ride comfort improvements of up to 41&#x0025; without any deterioration of the suspension deflection are demonstrated, while the SAVGS actuator power is kept very low, at levels below 500 W.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Putignano C, Dini D, 2017,

    Soft Matter Lubrication: Does Solid Viscoelasticity Matter?

    , ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, Vol: 9, Pages: 42287-42295, ISSN: 1944-8244
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Parkes M, Sayer K, Goldhofer M, Cann P, Walter WL, Jeffers Jet al., 2017,

    Zirconia phase transformation in retrieved, wear simulated, and artificially aged ceramic femoral heads

    , JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, Vol: 35, Pages: 2781-2789, ISSN: 0736-0266
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Mueser MH, Dapp WB, Bugnicourt R, Sainsot P, Lesaffre N, Lubrecht TA, Persson BNJ, Harris K, Bennett A, Schulze K, Rohde S, Ifju P, Sawyer WG, Angelini T, Esfahani HA, Kadkhodaei M, Akbarzadeh S, Wu J-J, Vorlaufer G, Vernes A, Solhjoo S, Vakis AI, Jackson RL, Xu Y, Streator J, Rostami A, Dini D, Medina S, Carbone G, Bottiglione F, Afferrante L, Monti J, Pastewka L, Robbins MO, Greenwood JAet al., 2017,

    Meeting the Contact-Mechanics Challenge

    , TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, Vol: 65, ISSN: 1023-8883

This data is extracted from the Web of Science and reproduced under a licence from Thomson Reuters. You may not copy or re-distribute this data in whole or in part without the written consent of the Science business of Thomson Reuters.

Request URL: http://wlsprd.imperial.ac.uk:80/respub/WEB-INF/jsp/search-t4-html.jsp Request URI: /respub/WEB-INF/jsp/search-t4-html.jsp Query String: id=391&limit=50&respub-action=search.html Current Millis: 1550257834744 Current Time: Fri Feb 15 19:10:34 GMT 2019