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  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Cai Y, Hodgson S, Blangiardo M, Gulliver J, Morley D, Fecht D, Vienneau D, de Hoogh K, Key T, Hveem K, Elliott P, Hansell ALet al., 2018,

    Road traffic noise, air pollution and incident cardiovascular disease: A joint analysis of the HUNT, EPIC-Oxford and UK Biobank cohorts

    , ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 114, Pages: 191-201, ISSN: 0160-4120
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Gulliver J, Elliott P, Henderson J, Hansell AL, Vienneau D, Cai Y, McCrea A, Garwood K, Boyd A, Neal L, Agnew P, Fecht D, Briggs D, de Hoogh Ket al., 2018,

    Local- and regional-scale air pollution modelling (PM10) and exposure assessment for pregnancy trimesters, infancy, and childhood to age 15 years: Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents And Children (ALSPAC)

    , ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 113, Pages: 10-19, ISSN: 0160-4120
  • REPORT
    Pimpin L, Retat L, Fecht D, de Preux Gallone LB, Sassi F, Gulliver J, Belloni A, Ferguson B, Corbould E, Jaccard A, Webber Let al., 2018,

    Estimation of costs to the NHS and social care due to the health impacts of air pollution

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Tonne C, Mila C, Fecht D, Alvarez M, Gulliver J, Smith J, Beevers S, Anderson HR, Kelly Fet al., 2018,

    Socioeconomic and ethnic inequalities in exposure to air and noise pollution in London

    , ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 115, Pages: 170-179, ISSN: 0160-4120
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Williams ML, Lott MC, Kitwiroon N, Dajnak D, Walton H, Holland M, Pye S, Fecht D, Toledano MB, Beevers SDet al., 2018,

    The Lancet Countdown on health benefits from the UK Climate Change Act: a modelling study for Great Britain.

    , Lancet Planet Health, Vol: 2, Pages: e202-e213

    BACKGROUND: Climate change poses a dangerous and immediate threat to the health of populations in the UK and worldwide. We aimed to model different scenarios to assess the health co-benefits that result from mitigation actions. METHODS: In this modelling study, we combined a detailed techno-economic energy systems model (UK TIMES), air pollutant emission inventories, a sophisticated air pollution model (Community Multi-scale Air Quality), and previously published associations between concentrations and health outcomes. We used four scenarios and focused on the air pollution implications from fine particulate matter (PM2·5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone. The four scenarios were baseline, which assumed no further climate actions beyond those already achieved and did not meet the UK's Climate Change Act (at least an 80% reduction in carbon dioxide equivalent emissions by 2050 compared with 1990) target; nuclear power, which met the Climate Change Act target with a limited increase in nuclear power; low-greenhouse gas, which met the Climate Change Act target without any policy constraint on nuclear build; and a constant scenario that held 2011 air pollutant concentrations constant until 2050. We predicted the health and economic impacts from air pollution for the scenarios until 2050, and the inequalities in exposure across different socioeconomic groups. FINDINGS: NO2 concentrations declined leading to 4 892 000 life-years saved for the nuclear power scenario and 7 178 000 life-years saved for the low-greenhouse gas scenario from 2011 to 2154. However, the associations that we used might overestimate the effects of NO2 itself. PM2·5 concentrations in Great Britain are predicted to decrease between 42% and 44% by 2050 compared with 2011 in the scenarios that met the Climate Change Act targets, especially those from road traffic and off-road machinery. These reductions in PM2·5 are tempered by a 2035 peak (and subsequent decline) in biomass (wood

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Dehbi H-M, Blangiardo M, Gulliver J, Fecht D, de Hoogh K, Al-Kanaani Z, Tillin T, Hardy R, Chaturvedi N, Hansell ALet al., 2017,

    Air pollution and cardiovascular mortality with over 25 years follow-up: A combined analysis of two British cohorts

    , ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 99, Pages: 275-281, ISSN: 0160-4120
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Dons E, Laeremans M, Orjuela JP, Avila-Palencia I, Carrasco-Turigas G, Cole-Hunter T, Anaya-Boig E, Standaert A, De Boever P, Nawrot T, Gotschi T, de Nazelle A, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Panis LIet al., 2017,

    Wearable Sensors for Personal Monitoring and Estimation of Inhaled Traffic-Related Air Pollution: Evaluation of Methods

    , ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, Vol: 51, Pages: 1859-1867, ISSN: 0013-936X
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Douglas P, Freni-Sterrantino A, Sanchez ML, Ashworth DC, Ghosh RE, Fecht D, Font A, Blangiardo M, Gulliver J, Toledano MB, Elliott P, de Hoogh K, Fuller GW, Hansell ALet al., 2017,

    Estimating Particulate Exposure from Modern Municipal Waste Incinerators in Great Britain

    , ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, Vol: 51, Pages: 7511-7519, ISSN: 0013-936X
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Jerrett M, Donaire-Gonzalez D, Popoola O, Jones R, Cohen RC, Almanza E, de Nazelle A, Mead I, Carrasco-Turigas G, Cole-Hunter T, Triguero-Mas M, Seto E, Nieuwenhuijsen Met al., 2017,

    Validating novel air pollution sensors to improve exposure estimates for epidemiological analyses and citizen science

    , ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, Vol: 158, Pages: 286-294, ISSN: 0013-9351
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Smith RB, Fecht D, Gulliver J, Beevers SD, Dajnak D, Blangiardo M, Ghosh RE, Hansell AL, Kelly FJ, Anderson HR, Toledano MBet al., 2017,

    Impact of London's road traffic air and noise pollution on birth weight: retrospective population based cohort study

    , BMJ-BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol: 359, ISSN: 1756-1833
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Smyth E, Solomon A, Birrell MA, Smallwood MJ, Winyard PG, Tetley TD, Emerson Met al., 2017,

    Influence of inflammation and nitric oxide upon platelet aggregation following deposition of diesel exhaust particles in the airways.

    , British Journal of Pharmacology, Vol: 174, Pages: 2130-2139, ISSN: 0007-1188

    Background and Purpose: Exposure to nanoparticulate pollution has been implicated in platelet-driven thrombotic events such as myocardial infarction. Inflammation and impairment of NO bioavailability have been proposed as potential causative mechanisms. It is unclear, however, whether airways exposure to combustion-derived nanoparticles such as diesel exhaust particles (DEP) or carbon black (CB) can augment platelet aggregation in vivo and the underlying mechanisms remain undefined. We aimed to investigate the effects of acute lung exposure to DEP and CB on platelet activation and the associated role of inflammation and endothelial-derived NO.Experimental Approach: DEP and CB were intratracheally instilled into wild-type (WT) and eNOS−/− mice and platelet aggregation was assessed in vivo using an established model of radio-labelled platelet thromboembolism. The underlying mechanisms were investigated by measuring inflammatory markers, NO metabolites and light transmission aggregometry.Key Results: Platelet aggregation in vivo was significantly enhanced in WT and eNOS−/− mice following acute airways exposure to DEP but not CB. CB exposure, but not DEP, was associated with significant increases in pulmonary neutrophils and IL-6 levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and plasma of WT mice. Neither DEP nor CB affected plasma nitrate/nitrite concentration and DEP-induced human platelet aggregation was inhibited by an NO donor.Conclusions and Implications: Pulmonary exposure to DEP and subsequent platelet activation may contribute to the reports of increased cardiovascular risk, associated with exposure to airborne pollution, independent of its effects on inflammation or NO bioavailability.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    de Nazelle A, Bode O, Orjuela JP, 2017,

    Comparison of air pollution exposures in active vs. passive travel modes in European cities: A quantitative review

    , Environment International, Vol: 99, Pages: 151-160, ISSN: 0160-4120
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Fecht D, Hansell AL, Morley D, Dajnak D, Vienneau D, Beevers S, Toledano MB, Kelly FJ, Anderson HR, Gulliver Jet al., 2016,

    Spatial and temporal associations of road traffic noise and air pollution in London: Implications for epidemiological studies

    , ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 88, Pages: 235-242, ISSN: 0160-4120
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Gulliver J, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Vienneau D, Fecht D, Hansell Aet al., 2016,

    Back-extrapolated and year-specific NO2 land use regression models for Great Britain - Do they yield different exposure assessment?

    , ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 92-93, Pages: 202-209, ISSN: 0160-4120
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Halonen JI, Blangiardo M, Toledano MB, Fecht D, Gulliver J, Anderson HR, Beevers SD, Dajnak D, Kelly FJ, Tonne Cet al., 2016,

    Long-term exposure to traffic pollution and hospital admissions in London

    , ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, Vol: 208, Pages: 48-57, ISSN: 0269-7491
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Halonen JI, Blangiardo M, Toledano MB, Fecht D, Gulliver J, Ghosh R, Anderson HR, Beevers SD, Dajnak D, Kelly FJ, Wilkinson P, Tonne Cet al., 2015,

    Is long-term exposure to traffic pollution associated with mortality? A small-area study in London.

    , Environmental Pollution, ISSN: 1873-6424

    Long-term exposure to primary traffic pollutants may be harmful for health but few studies have investigated effects on mortality. We examined associations for six primary traffic pollutants with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in 2003-2010 at small-area level using linear and piecewise linear Poisson regression models. In linear models most pollutants showed negative or null association with all-cause, cardiovascular or respiratory mortality. In the piecewise models we observed positive associations in the lowest exposure range (e.g. relative risk (RR) for all-cause mortality 1.07 (95% credible interval (CI) = 1.00-1.15) per 0.15 μg/m(3) increase in exhaust related primary particulate matter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5)) whereas associations in the highest exposure range were negative (corresponding RR 0.93, 95% CI: 0.91-0.96). Overall, there was only weak evidence of positive associations with mortality. That we found the strongest positive associations in the lowest exposure group may reflect residual confounding by unmeasured confounders that varies by exposure group.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Smyth E, Solomon A, Vydyanath A, Luther PK, Pitchford S, Tetley TD, Emerson Met al., 2015,

    Induction and enhancement of platelet aggregation in vitro and in vivo by model polystyrene nanoparticles

    , NANOTOXICOLOGY, Vol: 9, Pages: 356-364, ISSN: 1743-5390
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Solomon A, Smyth E, Mitha N, Pitchford S, Vydyanath A, Luther PK, Thorley AJ, Tetley TD, Emerson Met al., 2013,

    Induction of platelet aggregation after a direct physical interaction with diesel exhaust particles

    , JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS, Vol: 11, Pages: 325-334, ISSN: 1538-7933
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Cai Y, Hansell A, Hodgson S, Elliott P, Fecht D, Gulliver J, Key T, de Hoogh K, Hveem K, Morley D, Vienneau D, Blangiardo Met al.,

    Road traffic noise, air pollution and incident cardiovascular disease: a joint analysis of the HUNT, EPIC-Oxford and UK Biobank cohorts

    , Environment International, ISSN: 0160-4120

    Background: This study aimed to investigate the effects of long-term exposure to road traffic noiseand air pollutionon incident cardiovascular disease (CVD)in three large cohorts: HUNT, EPIC-Oxford and UK Biobank. Methods: In pooled complete-casesample of the three cohorts from Norway and the United Kingdom(N=355,732), 21,081 incident all CVD cases including 5,259ischemic heart disease (IHD)and 2,871cerebrovascular cases were ascertained between baseline (1993-2010)and end of follow-up (2008-2013)through medical recordlinkage. Annual mean 24-hour weighted road traffic noise(Lden) and air pollution (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤10 μm [PM10],≤2.5 μm [PM2.5]andnitrogen 39dioxide[NO2])exposure at baseline address was modelled using a simplified version of the Common Noise Assessment Methods in Europe (CNOSSOS-EU)and European-wide Land Use Regression models.Individual-level covariate data were harmonised and physically pooled across the three cohorts. Analysis was via Cox proportional hazard model with mutual adjustmentsforboth noise and air pollution andpotential confounders. Results: No significant associations were found between annual mean Ldenand incidentCVD,IHD or cerebrovascular disease in the overall populationexcept that the association withincident IHD was significantamong current-smokers.In the fully adjusted models including adjustmentfor Lden, an interquartile range (IQR) higher PM10(4.1μg/m3) or PM2.5(1.4μg/m3) was associated witha5.8% (95%CI: 2.5%-9.3%) and 3.7% (95%CI: 0.2%-7.4%) higherrisk for all incident CVD respectively. No significant associations were found between NO2and any of the CVD outcomes. Conclusions: We found suggestive evidence of a possible association between road traffic noise and incident IHD, consistent with current literature. Long-term particulate air pollution exposure, even at concentrations below current European air quality standards, w

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